Ligustrum, Japonicum

S & J Nursery’s

Ligustrum Japonicum

 / Japanese Privet

for Northeast Florida Landscapes

Ligustrum Japonicum Origins:

– Ligustrum Japonicum is not Native to North America but has been evaluated using
the IFAS Assessment of the status of non native plants in Florida’s natural areas and found to be Florida

Ligustrum Japonicum Preferred Exposure:

– Ligustrum will tolerate full sun to partial shade situations in the North
Florida | Jacksonville | St. Augustine areas gardens.

Ligustrum Japonicum Foliage:

-Large evergreen foliage makes Ligustrum Japonicum a showy landscape accent any time
of the year. Its large leaves are a deep dark glossy green.

Ligustrum Japonicum Soil Preference / Salt tolerance:

– Ligustrum Japonicum will prefer well drained soils but is not particular about the
makeup or content of that soil. It tolerates clay, sand, loam acidic or alkaline conditions equally well.

– Not recommended for use in poorly drained areas that will stay wet during our
heavy rain season. If you just must plant Ligustrum into a moist area raise it 3-6 inches above the
existing soil level to help its roots get up out of the water after a rain.

– Ligustrum Japonicum has a moderate salt tolerance and can be
planted near coastal properties but should not com into direct contact with salt spray.

Ligustrum Japonicum Size Variance:

– Although classified as a shrub Ligustrum Japonicum can reach sizes of 8-12’+ feet
High | 15+ feet Wide and up to 25 ft wide on mature older specimens where multiple trunks were allowed
to develop.

Ligustrum Japonicum Growth Habit:

– Ligustrum shrubs will need to be clipped and shaped to keep them as a
squared hedge for privacy screens and foundation planting, but when lower branches are removed and it is allowed
to grow as a tree a nice round head will develop.

Ligustrum Japonicum Growth Rate:

– Fast growing shrub quickly establishes itself into the landscape.

Ligustrum Japonicum Bloom:

– Large very fragrant, clusters of attractive white flowers cover the plant each
spring followed by small purpish
black berries that attract birds.

Ligustrum Japonicum Water Requirements:

– Ligustrum Japonicum is drought tolerant once established into the landscape. Good
choice for low water areas as they will continue to grow well once supplimental irrigation is reduced.

– Will not tolerate wet soils even for short periods.

Butterfly or Bird Attracting:

– Berries that follow the spring bloom persist on the tree through summer and are
bird attracting.

Best Uses For Ligustrum Japonicum:

– Ligustrum Japonicum is a great choice for a fast growing shrub or small tree. Use
them as the backdrop to the perennial border or as a hedge screen that is just perfect for a fairly quick
privacy fence. Excellent choice for a small landscape specimen tree as its root system is not invasive it can be
planted close to the foundation of a home or sidewalk etc with no damage. Also a good choice for an ornamental
tree where overhead power lines restrict the use of larger growing selections or for smaller yards and

 – These fast growing plants flush new growth within a few
weeks after a pruning so if attempting to keep them as a foundation plant remember to prune down 4-6 inches
beneath where you would like to see their growth be to give yourself some time before the next pruning is

Care of S & J Nursery’s North Florida | Jacksonville | St. Augustine

– Shrubs can be planted in the North Florida | Jacksonville | St.Augustine area at
any time during the year. In normal and well draining soils dig the hole as deep as the root ball and two to
three times as wide. Plant the top of the root ball level or slightly higher than the surrounding soils. When
planting in poorly drained soils make sure to plant your shrubs a minimum of 3 inches ABOVE the surrounding soil

– Water every day during the establishment period. For most 3 gallon size shrubs in
the North Florida landscape in average soil, that is neither heavy clay that holds water or really sandy that
will take 2-3 weeks of daily watering to ensure that your newly planted shrub will begin to put out new roots
and grow into its new home happily. After the first few weeks begin tapering back your watering to every other
day then every third day and so on until your newly planted items are flourishing without your assistance.

– If planting larger shrubs you may need to extend the initial care a bit longer to
protect your investment and get your shrubs off to the best start possible.

– IMPORTANT: If planting shrubs in heavy clay soils that hold allot of water after a
rain or irrigating, remember to check the soil for moisture by sticking your fingers into the soil near the root
ball of the newly planted shrub down to 2-3 inches. If it remains wet from the previous watering wait for the
top 2-3 inches to dry out before watering again.

– IMPORTANT: When planting shrubs into poor sandy soils be sure to amend the
planting hole by mixing compost or cow manure etc. with the native soil that will go back in the hole around the
new plants root ball when installing your shrub material, this will not only give your new shrubs good soil to
grow its new roots into but help it hold water.

– When planting shrubs from containers be sure to loosen the roots as much as
possible pulling loose roots away from the root ball before installing your new plants, if the roots are to
tight to easily loosen with your hands use a knife to cut a few slits into the root ball being careful to go all
the way from the top to the bottom and making the cut at least an inch deep. This will ensure that your plant
will immediately begin to form new roots into its new surrounding soil.

– Mulch newly planted shrubs whenever possible.

– Fertilize each spring with a mixture of milorganite and a slow release poly coated
plant food such as Osmocote or Stay Green general purpose plant food, sprinkling the fertilizer around the mulch
circle underneath the foliage of the tree

– Prune as needed to shape each spring and or summer.