Colocasia / Elephant Ear Plants

Colocasia Calidora S and J NurseryS & J Nursery’s Guide to

Growing Colocasia

/ Elephant Ear Plants

in Northeast Florida Gardens”


Colocasia / Elephant Ear / Taro
Plants…

What are they?

     Colocasia plants are the tropical garden dream made into reality. Their big bold
foliage may reach 2 1/2 to even 3 ft across on just one leaf. Their ease of care and

   Colocasia plants may be sold in
garden centers under the names Elephant Ear or even Taro plants. Most southern gardeners are
familiar with colocasia plants running amuck in wet areas near ponds or streams, but the new hybrid
colocasia varieties are thankfully much more well behaved garden plants. Many of todays colocasia
varieties will form clumps of large foliage rather than running all over the garden popping up wherever they
will. Some new colocasia varieties even produce only one large single stem of big bold
foliage. 

    

Is my plant a Colocasia, Alocasia, or a Xanthosoma
Plant?

     Botanical names may seem
confusing but they help us not only to know which plant we are talking about but can give us a clue as to how
it may behave in the garden. I think of them like last names, if you were talking to someone and just
said Lucy, they may think of a different Lucy than you have in mind, but if you said Lucy Smith, then you
would both be on the same page and confusion would be avoided in your conversation. Botanical names do that for
us, if you are talking to another gardener and they are telling you how to take care of an elephant ear plant,
they could be telling you of their one of hundreds of varieties of elephant ear plant and what worked for them,
but if they are talking about their colocasia plant, you will now have a closer understanding of how your plant
may behave.  

   Colocasia Mojito S and J Nursery Here are a few guidelines that colocasia will normally follow to help tell them apart from
other types of elephant ear or Taro plants.  In general, but not always, 

  • Colocasia plants will have their “ears” held downward on the stem with
    the narrowest part of the leaf pointing to the ground.
  • The stem will attach to the leaf just below the leaf notch on the
    back side of the leaf.
  • Colocasia will prefer a full sun or partial shade location in
    the Northeast Florida landscape and have heart shaped leaves.
  • Colocasia prefer moist to wet soils and are highly tolerant of
    waterlogged or bog areas.

      If you’re trying to
figure out if the plant you have growing in the he back yard is an Alocasia, Colocasia or Xanthosoma, here is a
link to the easiest explanation I have found! Although there are quite a few rule breakers among the new
and older plant selections, this will hopefully help a little.

What is the Difference? Alocasia, Colocasia, and
Xanthosoma

 Where to plant your Colocasia Plant in Northeast
Florida GardensColocasia Hilo Bay S and J Nursery

     Colocasia elephant ear
plants are tolerant of a wide range of soils and will grow happily in any moist soil area whether they are
planted in full sun or in a shady corner of the garden seems to make no difference as long as the soil remains
consistently moist. When planted in to sandy or well draining soil, it its recommended to generously amend the
soil with compost when planting and top dress the area with at least on inch of compost every year in the
spring. Colocasia plants will need supplemental irrigation in addition to compost amendments when planted into
well draining soils. Colocasia prefer soil rich in organic matter and consistently moist so
mimicking that in your landscape will give you the best results.

 Your Colocasia Plants and Northeast Florida Winter Temperatures

When temperatures begin to drop below
32
 degrees Colocasia plants will loose their water filled foliage. Don’t despair, they will quickly
regrow new stems and leaves from the underground tuber in spring when the weather warms here in the
Jacksonville and St. Augustine area landscape.

 If planting Colocasia in more frost prone areas
than Northeast Florida, you can dig the tuber up out of the ground and store you r Colocasia indoors during
winter to plant out again next spring.

S & J Nursery’s Colocasia Plant Selections for Northeast Florida Gardeners

There are so many new and exciting varieties of Colocasia showing
up on the market that it is hard to choose where to start! Here at S & J Nursery, we try to choose
hardy varieties that will return year after year in the landscape and will add not only add big bold
texture but lots of color to the garden as well. Here is a list of the Colocasia varieties we are currently
growing here at S & J Nursery for Northeast Florida. Double click the images below to open a new window
with more information on these great Colocasia varieties.


Click the photo above for more information on Colocasia Hawaiian
Eye

from S & J Tree Farm and Nursery

 Colocasia Dragon Heart Gigante S and J Nursery

Click the photo above for more information on Colocasia Dragon
Heart Gigantic

from S and J Tree Farm and Nursery

 Colocasia Maui Gold S and J Nursery

Click the photo above for more information on Colocasia Maui
Gold

from S and J Tree Farm and Nursery

Colocasia Mojito S and J Nursery

Click the photo above for more information on Colocasia
Mojito

from S and J Tree Farm and Nursery

Colocasia Royal Hawaiian Hilo Bay S and J Nursery

Click the photo above for more
information on Colocasia Royal Hawaiian Hilo Bay

from S and J Tree Farm and Nursery

Colocasia Black Coral S & J Nursery

 

Click the photo above for more information on Colocasia Royal
Hawaiian Black Coral

from S and J Tree Farm and Nursery

Colocasia Royal Hawaiian Tea Cup

Click the photo above for more
information on Colocasia Royal Hawaiian Tea Cup

from S and J Tree Farm and Nursery