S & J Nursery’s
Jack Frost Ligustrum
for Northeast Florida Landscapes
(Ligustrum Japonicum “Jack Frost”)
Ligustrum Japonicum ‘Jack Frost’ Origins:
– Ligustrum Japonicum is not Native to North America but has been evaluated using
the IFAS Assessment of the status of non native plants in Florida’s natural areas and found to be Florida
friendly landscape plant. Jack Frost Ligustrum is a variegated selection of ligustrum japonicum
chosen for its brightly variegated green and yellow foliage that adds much needed color to our green North
Jack Frost Ligustrum Preferred Exposure:
– Ligustrum will tolerate full sun to partial shade situations in the North Florida
| Jacksonville | St. Augustine areas gardens.
Jack Frost Ligustrum Foliage:
-Large evergreen foliage makes Ligustrum Japonicum a showy landscape accent any time
of the year. Jack Frost leaves are a show stopping bright green and yellow variegated that is sure to draw
attention to the landscape anywhere its planted.
Jack Frost Ligustrum Soil Preference / Salt tolerance:
– Ligustrum Japonicum ‘Jack Frost’ will prefer well drained soils but is not
particular about the makeup or content of that soil. It tolerates clay, sand, loam acidic or alkaline conditions
– Not recommended for use in poorly drained areas that will stay wet during our
heavy rain season. If you just must plant Ligustrum into a moist area raise it 3-6 inches above the existing
soil level to help its roots get up out of the water after a rain.
– Ligustrum Japonicum has a moderate salt tolerance and can be planted near coastal
properties but should not com into direct contact with salt spray.
Jack Frost Ligustrum Size Variance:
– This slower growing selection of Ligustrum Japonicum is used as a
lower growing shrub for the species. It often surprises people to know that if left alone and untrimmed this
shrub would eventually reach 6-10 ft high and wide at maturity. Its slow growth rate allows for these
shrubs to very easily be kept at a 2-3 ft height with just an annual pruning each spring.
Jack Frost Ligustrum Growth Habit:
– Ligustrum Jack Frost shrubs will need to be clipped and shaped and are usually
maintained with a gently rounded or mushroom shape in the North Florida Landscape, this selections
slow growth rate does not lend its use towards the tree forms that other Ligustrum Japonicums make so
Jack Frost Ligustrum Growth Rate:
– Slow growing shrub quickly establishes itself into the landscape becoming
drought resistant soon after planting.
Jack Frost Ligustrum Bloom:
– Generally smaller more inconspicuous flowers than that typical of the
Jack Frost Ligustrum Water Requirements:
– Ligustrum Japonicum is drought tolerant once established into the landscape. Good
choice for low water areas as they will continue to grow well once supplimental irrigation is reduced.
– Will not tolerate wet soils even for short periods.
Butterfly or Bird Attracting:
– Berries that follow the spring bloom persist on the tree through summer and are
Best Uses For Jack Frost Ligustrums in the North Florida | Jacksonville | ST.
Augustine area landscape:
– Jack Frost Ligustrum is a great choice for a lower growing foundation planting
around a home or commercial setting. Their dense foliage and bushy characteristics make for an excellent
-Use them in masses around a special landscape focal point to draw attention to a
landscape specimen or accent areas in the landscape .
– These fast growing plants flush new growth within a few weeks after a pruning so
if attempting to keep them as a foundation plant remember to prune down 4-6 inches beneath where you would like
to see their growth be to give yourself some time before the next pruning is needed.
– Few pest or disease problems can trouble ligustrums in the North Florida
Care of S & J Nursery’s North Florida | Jacksonville | St. Augustine
– Shrubs can be planted in the North Florida | Jacksonville | St.Augustine area at
any time during the year. In normal and well draining soils dig the hole as deep as the root ball and two to
three times as wide. Plant the top of the root ball level or slightly higher than the surrounding soils. When
planting in poorly drained soils make sure to plant your shrubs a minimum of 3 inches ABOVE the surrounding soil
– Water every day during the establishment period. For most 3 gallon size shrubs in
the North Florida landscape in average soil, that is neither heavy clay that holds water or really sandy that
will take 2-3 weeks of daily watering to ensure that your newly planted shrub will begin to put out new roots
and grow into its new home happily. After the first few weeks begin tapering back your watering to every other
day then every third day and so on until your newly planted items are flourishing without your assistance.
– If planting larger shrubs you may need to extend the initial care a bit longer to
protect your investment and get your shrubs off to the best start possible.
– IMPORTANT: If planting shrubs in heavy clay soils that hold allot of water after a
rain or irrigating, remember to check the soil for moisture by sticking your fingers into the soil near the root
ball of the newly planted shrub down to 2-3 inches. If it remains wet from the previous watering wait for the
top 2-3 inches to dry out before watering again.
– IMPORTANT: When planting shrubs into poor sandy soils be sure to amend the
planting hole by mixing compost or cow manure etc. with the native soil that will go back in the hole around the
new plants root ball when installing your shrub material, this will not only give your new shrubs good soil to
grow its new roots into but help it hold water.
– When planting shrubs from containers be sure to loosen the roots as much as
possible pulling loose roots away from the root ball before installing your new plants, if the roots are to
tight to easily loosen with your hands use a knife to cut a few slits into the root ball being careful to go all
the way from the top to the bottom and making the cut at least an inch deep. This will ensure that your plant
will immediately begin to form new roots into its new surrounding soil.
– Mulch newly planted shrubs whenever possible.
– Fertilize each spring with a mixture of milorganite and a slow release poly coated
plant food such as Osmocote or Stay Green general purpose plant food, sprinkling the fertilizer around the mulch
circle underneath the foliage of the tree
– Prune as needed to shape each spring and or summer.